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  1. Content type: Debate

    Until now, we have all been desperately trying to run behind the HIV/AIDS epidemic and catch up with it, but despite all our efforts, the epidemic remains well ahead of us. In 2010, the antiretroviral treatmen...

    Authors: Rony Zachariah, Wim Van Damme, Vic Arendt, Jean Claude Schmit and Anthony D Harries

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S7

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  2. Content type: Review

    Operational research is necessary to improve the access to and delivery of tuberculosis prevention, diagnosis and treatment interventions for people living with HIV. We conducted an extensive review of the lit...

    Authors: Delphine Sculier, Haileyesus Getahun and Christian Lienhardt

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S5

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Research

    Global health initiatives have enabled the scale up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) over recent years. The impact of HIV-specific funds and programmes on non-HIV-related health services and health systems in...

    Authors: Freya Rasschaert, Marjan Pirard, Mit P Philips, Rifat Atun, Edwin Wouters, Yibeltal Assefa, Bart Criel, Erik J Schouten and Wim Van Damme

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S3

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Commentary

    Potent antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces mortality and morbidity in people living with HIV by reducing viral load and allowing their immune systems to recover. The reduction in viral load soon after startin...

    Authors: Brian Williams, Robin Wood, Victor Dukay, Wim Delva, David Ginsburg, John Hargrove, Martinus Stander, Robert Sheneberger, Julio Montaner and Alex Welte

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S6

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Research

    Evidence is increasing of high HIV risks among southern African men who have sex with men (MSM). This represents the first study of HIV risks and human rights contexts among MSM in Lesotho.

    Authors: Stefan Baral, Darrin Adams, Judith Lebona, Bafokeng Kaibe, Puleng Letsie, Relebohile Tshehlo, Andrea Wirtz and Chris Beyrer

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:36

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  6. Content type: Research

    Prevention of unplanned pregnancies among HIV-infected individuals is critical to the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT), but its potential has not been fully utilized by PMTCT programmes. ...

    Authors: Rhoda K Wanyenze, Nazarius M Tumwesigye, Rosemary Kindyomunda, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Lynn Atuyambe, Apolo Kansiime, Stella Neema, Francis Ssali, Zainab Akol and Florence Mirembe

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:35

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  7. Content type: Research

    The aim of this survey was to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) colonization in HIV-infected, highly active antiretroviral therapy-naïve Ugandan children aged...

    Authors: Elin Hestvik, Thorkild Tylleskar, Grace Ndeezi, Lena Grahnquist, Edda Olafsdottir, James K Tumwine and Deogratias H Kaddu-Mulindwa

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:34

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  8. Content type: Research

    In 2002, Cameroon initiated scale up of antiretroviral therapy (ART); on 1 October 2004, a substantial reduction in ART cost occurred. We assessed the impact of this event and other factors on enrolment and re...

    Authors: Jembia J Mosoko, Wilfred Akam, Paul J Weidle, John T Brooks, Asabi J Aweh, Thompson N Kinge, Sherri Pals and Pratima L Raghunathan

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:32

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  9. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently recommended that antiretrovirals be initiated in all individuals with CD4 counts of less than 350 cells/mm3. For countries with resources too limited to expand car...

    Authors: Samir K Gupta, Willis Owino Ong’or, Changyu Shen, Beverly Musick, Mitchell Goldman and Kara Wools-Kaloustian

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:31

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  10. Content type: Short report

    With widespread use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in Africa, one of the major potential challenges is the risk of emergence of ARV drug-resistant HIV strains. Our objective is to evaluate the virological failu...

    Authors: Anoumou Y Dagnra, Nicole Vidal, Akovi Mensah, Akouda Patassi, Komi Aho, Mounerou Salou, Marjorie Monleau, Mireille Prince-David, Assétina Singo, Palokinam Pitche, Eric Delaporte and Martine Peeters

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:30

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  11. Content type: Research

    Social constructions of masculinity have been shown to serve as an obstacle to men's access and adherence to antiretroviral therapies (ART). In the light of women's relative lack of power in many aspects of in...

    Authors: Morten Skovdal, Catherine Campbell, Constance Nyamukapa and Simon Gregson

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:29

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  12. Content type: Review

    "No virus, no transmission." Studies have repeatedly shown that viral load (the quantity of virus present in blood and sexual secretions) is the strongest predictor of HIV transmission during unprotected sex o...

    Authors: Juan Ambrosioni, Alexandra Calmy and Bernard Hirschel

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:28

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  13. Content type: Research

    In June 2001, the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) set a target of reducing HIV prevalence among young women and men, aged 15 to 24 years, by 25% in the worst-affected countries by 2005...

    Authors: Kimberly A Marsh, Constance A Nyamukapa, Christl A Donnelly, Jesus M Garcia-Calleja, Phillis Mushati, Geoffrey P Garnett, Edith Mpandaguta, Nicholas C Grassly and Simon Gregson

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:27

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  14. Content type: Review

    The high prevalence of HIV infection among prisoners and pre-trial detainees, combined with overcrowding and sub-standard living conditions sometimes amounting to inhuman or degrading treatment in violation of...

    Authors: Ralf Jürgens, Manfred Nowak and Marcus Day

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:26

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  15. Content type: Research

    Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk...

    Authors: Don Operario, Kristen Underhill, Carolyn Chuong and Lucie Cluver

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:25

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  16. Content type: Research

    Current guidelines for providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) in South Africa's public sector programme call for switching patients from first-line to second-line treatment upon virologic failure as indicated ...

    Authors: Sydney Rosen, Lawrence Long, Ian Sanne, Wendy S Stevens and Matthew P Fox

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:24

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  17. Content type: Short report

    World Health Organization guidelines now recommend routine use of viral load testing, where available, for patients receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART). However, its use has not been routinely implemented...

    Authors: Jane Greig, Philipp du Cros, Derryck Klarkowski, Clair Mills, Steffen Jørgensen, P Richard Harrigan and Daniel P O’Brien

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:23

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  18. Content type: Review

    For persons living with HIV, hepatitis C is a major public health problem that must be controlled and could be eliminated. The challenge arises because the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is prevalent among HIV-infect...

    Authors: David L Thomas, Dennis Leoutsakas, Tomas Zabransky and M Suresh Kumar

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:22

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  19. Content type: Research

    Partner involvement has been deemed fundamental in prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programmes, but is difficult to achieve. This study aimed to explore acceptability of the PMTCT programme c...

    Authors: Eli Fjeld Falnes, Karen Marie Moland, Thorkild Tylleskär, Marina Manuela de Paoli, Sia E Msuya and Ingunn MS Engebretsen

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:21

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  20. Content type: Research

    Our intention was to analyze demographic and contextual factors associated with sexual risk taking among HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Africa's largest informal urban settlement, K...

    Authors: Anders Ragnarsson, Anna Mia Ekström, Jane Carter, Festus Ilako, Abigail Lukhwaro, Gaetano Marrone and Anna Thorson

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:20

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  21. Content type: Research

    A low body mass index (BMI) at antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation is a strong predictor of mortality among HIV-infected adults in resource-constrained settings. The relationship between nutrition and infl...

    Authors: John R Koethe, Meridith Blevins, Christopher Nyirenda, Edmond K Kabagambe, Bryan E Shepherd, C William Wester, Isaac Zulu, Janelle M Chiasera, Lloyd B Mulenga, Albert Mwango and Douglas C Heimburger

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:19

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  22. Content type: Research

    Many HIV voluntary testing and counselling centres in Africa use rapid antibody tests, in parallel or in sequence, to establish same-day HIV status. The interpretation of indeterminate or discrepant results be...

    Authors: Debrah I Boeras, Nicole Luisi, Etienne Karita, Shila McKinney, Tyronza Sharkey, Michelle Keeling, Elwyn Chomba, Colleen Kraft, Kristin Wall, Jean Bizimana, William Kilembe, Amanda Tichacek, Angela M Caliendo, Eric Hunter and Susan Allen

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:18

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  23. Content type: Research

    Non-AIDS-defining malignancies (NADM) are becoming a major cause of mortality in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. We wished to investigate the incidence, risks factors and outcome of NADM in an...

    Authors: Nicolas Dauby, Stéphane De Wit, Marc Delforge, Valentina Coca Necsoi and Nathan Clumeck

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:16

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  24. Content type: Review

    Since 2000, access to antiretroviral drugs to treat HIV infection has dramatically increased to reach more than five million people in developing countries. Essential to this achievement was the dramatic reduc...

    Authors: Ellen ’t Hoen, Jonathan Berger, Alexandra Calmy and Suerie Moon

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:15

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  25. Content type: Research

    The number of patients on second-line highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens is increasing in resource-limited settings. We describe the outcomes after 24 months for patients on LPV/r-based seco...

    Authors: Laurent Ferradini, Vara Ouk, Olivier Segeral, Janin Nouhin, Anne Dulioust, Chanroeurn Hak, Isabelle Fournier, Nathalie Lerolle, Sopheak Ngin, Chhi Vun Mean, Jean-François Delfraissy and Eric Nerrienet

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:14

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  26. Content type: Commentary

    The strength of the evidence linking concurrency to HIV epidemic severity in southern and eastern Africa led the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the Southern African Development Community in 200...

    Authors: Helen Epstein and Martina Morris

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:13

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  27. Content type: Commentary

    In their recent article, Sawers and Stillwaggon critique the "concurrency hypothesis" on a number of grounds. In this commentary, I focus on one thread of their argument, pertaining to the evidence derived fro...

    Authors: Steven M Goodreau

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:12

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  28. Content type: Editorial

    The HIV epidemic has been continuously growing among women, and in some parts of the world, HIV-infected women outnumber men. Women's greater vulnerability to HIV, both biologically and socially, influences th...

    Authors: Shirin Heidari, Mirjam J Eckert, Susan Kippax, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Salif Papa Sow and Mark A Wainberg

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:11

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  29. Content type: Research

    Recent papers have suggested that expanded combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) through lower viral load may be a strategy to reduce HIV transmission at a population level. We assessed calendar trends i...

    Authors: Matthew G Law, Ian Woolley, David J Templeton, Norm Roth, John Chuah, Brian Mulhall, Peter Canavan, Hamish McManus, David A Cooper and Kathy Petoumenos

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:10

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  30. Content type: Research

    Injection drug use remains a major risk factor for HIV transmission in Georgia. The study aims to characterize the prevalence of HIV among injection drug users in Georgia.

    Authors: Ivdity Chikovani, Ketevan Goguadze, Sudit Ranade, Mollie Wertlieb, Natia Rukhadze and George Gotsadze

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:9

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  31. Content type: Research

    Although HIV and tuberculosis (TB) prevalence are high in prisons throughout sub-Saharan Africa, little research has been conducted on factors related to prevention, testing and treatment services.

    Authors: Katherine W Todrys, Joseph J Amon, Godfrey Malembeka and Michaela Clayton

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:8

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  32. Content type: Research

    To better understand the need for paediatric second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART), an ART management survey and a cross-sectional analysis of second-line ART use were conducted in the TREAT Asia Paediatric...

    Authors:

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:7

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  33. Content type: Research

    Individual-level data are needed to optimize clinical care and monitor and evaluate HIV services. Confidentiality and security of such data must be safeguarded to avoid stigmatization and discrimination of peo...

    Authors: Eduard J Beck, Sundhiya Mandalia, Guy Harling, Xenophon M Santas, Debra Mosure and Paul R Delay

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:6

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  34. Content type: Commentary

    Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has led to a major reduction in HIV-related mortality and morbidity. However, HIV still cannot be cured. With the absence of an effective prophylactic or therapeutic v...

    Authors: Sharon R Lewin, Vanessa A Evans, Julian H Elliott, Bruno Spire and Nicolas Chomont

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:4

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  35. Content type: Review

    Since the first reports of AIDS, skin involvement has become a burdensome stigma for seropositive patients and a challenging task for dermatologist and infectious disease specialists due to the severe and reca...

    Authors: Filiberto Cedeno-Laurent, Minerva Gómez-Flores, Nora Mendez, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Joseph L Bryant, Anthony A Gaspari and Jose R Trujillo

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:5

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  36. Content type: Research

    Observational HIV clinic databases are now widely used to answer key questions related to HIV care and treatment, but there has been no systematic evaluation of their quality of data. Our objective was to eval...

    Authors: Agnes N Kiragga, Barbara Castelnuovo, Petra Schaefer, Timothy Muwonge and Philippa J Easterbrook

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:3

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  37. Content type: Research

    Among people living with HIV/AIDS, nutritional support is increasingly recognized as a critical part of the essential package of care, especially for patients in sub-Saharan Africa. The objectives of the study...

    Authors: Laurence Ahoua, Chantal Umutoni, Helena Huerga, Andrea Minetti, Elisabeth Szumilin, Suna Balkan, David M Olson, Sarala Nicholas and Mar Pujades-Rodríguez

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:2

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  38. Content type: Research

    In Malawi, the dramatic shortage of human resources for health is negatively impacted by HIV-related morbidity and mortality among health workers and their relatives. Many staff find it difficult to access HIV...

    Authors: Marielle Bemelmans, Thomas van den Akker, Olesi Pasulani, Saddiq Nabila Tayub, Katharina Hermann, Beatrice Mwagomba, Winnie Jalasi, Harriet Chiomba, Nathan Ford and Mit Philips

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:1

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  39. Content type: Research

    HIV testing rates have exceeded 90% among the pregnant women at Mbale Regional Referral Hospital in Mbale District, eastern Uganda, since the introduction of routine antenatal counselling and testing for HIV i...

    Authors: Robert Byamugisha, James K Tumwine, Grace Ndeezi, Charles AS Karamagi and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2010 13:52

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  40. Content type: Research

    This retrospective survey describes types of cancers diagnosed in HIV-infected subjects in Asia, and assesses risk factors for cancer in HIV-infected subjects using contemporaneous HIV-infected controls withou...

    Authors: Kathy Petoumenos, Eugenie Hui, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Stephen J Kerr, Jun Yong Choi, Yi-Ming A Chen, Tuti Merati, Fujie Zhang, Poh-Lian Lim, Somnuek Sungkanuparph, Sanjay Pujari, Sasheela Ponnampalavanar, Rosanna Ditangco, Christopher KC Lee, Andrew Grulich and Matthew G Law

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2010 13:51

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  41. Content type: Research

    Adherence to care and treatment are essential for HIV-infected individuals to benefit from antiretroviral therapy (ART). We sought to quantify the effects on treatment outcomes of missing visits soon after ini...

    Authors: Alana T Brennan, Mhairi Maskew, Ian Sanne and Matthew P Fox

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2010 13:49

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  42. Content type: Short report

    Lack of adherence to antiretroviral medications is one of the key challenges for paediatric HIV care and treatment programmes. There are few hands-on opportunities for healthcare workers to gain awareness of t...

    Authors: Benjamin R Phelps, Sarah J Hathcock, Jennifer Werdenberg and Gordon E Schutze

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2010 13:48

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  43. Content type: Debate

    In the history of public health, HIV/AIDS is unique; it has widespread and long-lasting demographic, social, economic and political impacts. The global response has been unprecedented. AIDS exceptionalism - th...

    Authors: Julia H Smith and Alan Whiteside

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2010 13:47

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  44. Content type: Research

    A large proportion of the 340,000 HIV-positive children in South Africa live in rural areas, yet there is little sub-Saharan data comparing rural paediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme outcomes with...

    Authors: Geoffrey Fatti, Peter Bock, Ashraf Grimwood and Brian Eley

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2010 13:46

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  45. Content type: Research

    Substantial heterogeneity in HIV prevalence has been observed within sub-Saharan Africa. It is not clear which factors can explain these differences. Our aim was to identify risk factors that could explain the...

    Authors: Munyaradzi P Mapingure, Sia Msuya, Nyaradzai E Kurewa, Marshal W Munjoma, Noel Sam, Mike Z Chirenje, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Letten F Saugstad, Sake J de Vlas and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2010 13:45

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  46. Content type: Research

    Psychological factors are often neglected in HIV research, although psychological distress is common in low- to middle-income countries, such as South Africa. There is a need to deepen our understanding of the...

    Authors: Mzikazi Nduna, Rachel K Jewkes, Kristin L Dunkle, Nwabisa P Jama Shai and Ian Colman

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2010 13:44

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