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  1. Debate

    Controversies in HIV cure research

    Antiretroviral therapy significantly reduces HIV viral burden and prolongs life, but does not cure HIV infection. The major scientific barrier to a cure is thought to be the persistence of the virus in cellula...

    Rowena Johnston and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:16

    Published on: 16 March 2012

  2. Research

    Prevalence and factors associated with cryptococcal antigenemia among severely immunosuppressed HIV-infected adults in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

    Cryptococcal infection is a common opportunistic infection among severely immunosuppressed HIV patients and is associated with high mortality. Positive cryptococcal antigenemia is an independent predictor of c...

    Jacinta Oyella, David Meya, Francis Bajunirwe and Moses R Kamya

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:15

    Published on: 14 March 2012

  3. Research

    Effectiveness and safety of 30 mg versus 40 mg stavudine regimens: a cohort study among HIV-infected adults initiating HAART in South Africa

    As stavudine remains an important and widely prescribed drug in resource-limited settings, the effect of a reduced dose of stavudine (from 40 mg to 30 mg) on outcomes of highly active antiretroviral therapy (H...

    Mhairi Maskew, Daniel Westreich, Matthew P Fox, Thapelo Maotoe and Ian M Sanne

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:13

    Published on: 12 March 2012

  4. Research

    Emergence of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations among antiretroviral-naïve HIV-1-infected patients after rapid scaling up of antiretroviral therapy in Thailand

    After rapid scaling up of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1-infected patients, the data of primary HIV-1 drug resistance in Thailand is still limited. This study aims to determine the prevalence and associated f...

    Somnuek Sungkanuparph, Chonlaphat Sukasem, Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul, Ekawat Pasomsub and Wasun Chantratita

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:12

    Published on: 12 March 2012

  5. Commentary

    Gender-sensitive reporting in medical research

    Sex and gender differences influence the health and wellbeing of men and women. Although studies have drawn attention to observed differences between women and men across diseases, remarkably little research h...

    Shirin Heidari, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Judith D Auerbach, Simone E Buitendijk, Pedro Cahn, Mirjam J Curno, Catherine Hankins, Elly Katabira, Susan Kippax, Richard Marlink, Joan Marsh, Ana Marusic, Heidi M Nass, Julio Montaner, Elizabeth Pollitzer, Maria Teresa Ruiz-Cantero…

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:11

    Published on: 8 March 2012

  6. Research

    Provider and clinic-level correlates of deferring antiretroviral therapy for people who inject drugs: a survey of North American HIV providers

    Injection drug users (IDUs) face numerous obstacles to receiving optimal HIV care, and have been shown to underutilize antiretroviral therapy (ART). We sought to estimate the degree to which providers of HIV c...

    Ryan P Westergaard, Bridget K Ambrose, Shruti H Mehta and Gregory D Kirk

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:10

    Published on: 23 February 2012

  7. Research

    Family model of HIV care and treatment: a retrospective study in Kenya

    Nyanza Province, Kenya, had the highest HIV prevalence in the country at 14.9% in 2007, more than twice the national HIV prevalence of 7.1%. Only 16% of HIV-infected adults in the country accurately knew their...

    Jayne Lewis Kulzer, Jeremy A Penner, Reson Marima, Patrick Oyaro, Arbogast O Oyanga, Starley B Shade, Cinthia C Blat, Lennah Nyabiage, Christina W Mwachari, Hellen C Muttai, Elizabeth A Bukusi and Craig R Cohen

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:8

    Published on: 22 February 2012

  8. Research

    University students and HIV in Namibia: an HIV prevalence survey and a knowledge and attitude survey

    With an overall adult HIV prevalence of 15.3%, Namibia is facing one of the largest HIV epidemics in Africa. Young people aged 20 to 34 years constitute one of the groups at highest risk of HIV infection in Na...

    Ingrid H de Beer, Huub C Gelderblom, Onno Schellekens, Esegiel Gaeb, Gert van Rooy, Alta McNally, Ferdinand W Wit and Rinke de Wit F Tobias

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:9

    Published on: 22 February 2012

  9. Research

    A clinician-nurse model to reduce early mortality and increase clinic retention among high-risk HIV-infected patients initiating combination antiretroviral treatment

    In resource-poor settings, mortality is at its highest during the first 3 months after combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) initiation. A clear predictor of mortality during this period is having a low ...

    Paula Braitstein, Abraham Siika, Joseph Hogan, Rose Kosgei, Edwin Sang, John Sidle, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Alfred Keter, Joseph Mamlin and Sylvester Kimaiyo

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:7

    Published on: 17 February 2012

  10. Research

    The ARV roll out and the disability grant: a South African dilemma?

    Prior to the antiretroviral (ARV) drug roll out in 2004, people living with HIV (PLHIV) in South Africa received disability grants when they were defined as “AIDS-sick". In the absence of available and effecti...

    Marina Manuela de Paoli, Elizabeth Anne Mills and Arne Backer Grønningsæter

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:6

    Published on: 16 February 2012

  11. Research

    HIV-free survival among nine- to 24-month-old children born to HIV-positive mothers in the Rwandan national PMTCT programme: a community-based household survey

    Operational effectiveness of large-scale national programmes for the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa remains limited. We report on HIV-free survival among nine- ...

    Hinda Ruton, Placidie Mugwaneza, Nadine Shema, Alexandre Lyambabaje, Jean de Dieu Bizimana, Landry Tsague, Elevanie Nyankesha, Claire M Wagner, Vincent Mutabazi, Jean Pierre Nyemazi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Corine Karema and Agnes Binagwaho

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:4

    Published on: 30 January 2012

  12. Research

    Short-term risk of anaemia following initiation of combination antiretroviral treatment in HIV-infected patients in countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia-Pacific, and central and South America

    The objective was to examine the short-term risk and predictors of anaemia following initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients from the Western Africa, Eastern Africa, So...

    Jialun Zhou, Antoine Jaquet, Emmanuel Bissagnene, Beverly Musick, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Nicola Maxwell, Andrew Boulle, Firas Wehbe, Daniel Masys, Jeniffer Iriondo-Perez, Jay Hemingway-Foday and Matthew Law

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:5

    Published on: 30 January 2012

  13. Research

    Performance evaluation of the Pima™ point-of-care CD4 analyser using capillary blood sampling in field tests in South Africa

    Point-of-care CD4 testing can provide immediate CD4 reporting at HIV-testing sites. This study evaluated performance of capillary blood sampling using the point-of-care Pima™ CD4 device in representative prima...

    Deborah K Glencross, Lindi M Coetzee, Mamsallah Faal, Martin Masango, Wendy S Stevens, WD Francois Venter and Regina Osih

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:3

    Published on: 30 January 2012

  14. Research

    The epidemiology and clinical correlates of HIV-1 co-receptor tropism in non-subtype B infections from India, Uganda and South Africa

    The introduction of C-C chemokine receptor type-5 (CCR5) antagonists as antiretroviral therapy has led to the need to study HIV co-receptor tropism in different HIV-1 subtypes and geographical locations. This ...

    Quazi Ataher, Simon Portsmouth, Laura A Napolitano, Sybil Eng, Anna Greenacre, Andrew Kambugu, Robin Wood, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen and Randy Tressler

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:2

    Published on: 26 January 2012

  15. Research

    Failure to prescribe pneumocystis prophylaxis is associated with increased mortality, even in the cART era: results from the Treat Asia HIV observational database

    Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis is recommended for patients with CD4 counts of less than 200 cells/mm3. This study examines the proportion of patients in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Databas...

    Poh-Lian Lim, Jialun Zhou, Rossana A Ditangco, Matthew G Law, Thira Sirisanthana, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Yi-Ming A Chen, Praphan Phanuphak, Christopher KC Lee, Vonthanak Saphonn, Shinichi Oka, Fujie Zhang, Jun Y Choi, Sanjay Pujari, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Patrick CK Li…

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:1

    Published on: 26 January 2012

  16. Research

    Uptake of prevention of mother to child transmission interventions in Kenya: health systems are more influential than stigma

    We set out to determine the relative roles of stigma versus health systems in non-uptake of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV-1 interventions: we conducted cross-sectional assessment of...

    John Kinuthia, James N Kiarie, Carey Farquhar, Barbra A Richardson, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha and Grace John-Stewart

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:61

    Published on: 28 December 2011

  17. Research

    "Othering" the health worker: self-stigmatization of HIV/AIDS care among health workers in Swaziland

    HIV is an important factor affecting healthcare workforce capacity in high-prevalence countries, such as Swaziland. It contributes to loss of valuable healthcare providers directly through death and absenteeis...

    Daniel H de Vries, Shannon Galvin, Masitsela Mhlanga, Brian Cindzi and Thabsile Dlamini

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:60

    Published on: 22 December 2011

  18. Research

    Activation and maturation of peripheral blood T cells in HIV-1-infected and HIV-1-uninfected adults in Burkina Faso: a cross-sectional study

    We wanted to explore to what extent environmental exposure to immune stimulants, which is expected to be more present in rural than in urban settings, influences T cell activation and maturation in healthy and...

    Fabrice Tiba, Frans Nauwelaers, Lassana Sangaré, Boubacar Coulibaly, Hans-Georg Kräusslich and Thomas Böhler

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:57

    Published on: 17 December 2011

  19. Research

    Access to safe abortion: building choices for women living with HIV and AIDS

    In many areas of the world where HIV prevalence is high, rates of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion have also been shown to be high. Of all pregnancies worldwide in 2008, 41% were reported as unintended...

    Phyllis J Orner, Maria de Bruyn, Regina Maria Barbosa, Heather Boonstra, Jennifer Gatsi-Mallet and Diane D Cooper

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:54

    Published on: 14 November 2011

  20. Research

    Aflatoxin levels, plasma vitamins A and E concentrations, and their association with HIV and hepatitis B virus infections in Ghanaians: a cross-sectional study

    Micronutrient deficiencies occur commonly in people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Since aflatoxin exposure also results in reduced levels of several micronutrients, HIV and aflatoxin may work...

    Francis A Obuseh, Pauline E Jolly, Andrzej Kulczycki, John Ehiri, John Waterbor, Renee A Desmond, Peter O Preko, Yi Jiang and Chandrika J Piyathilake

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:53

    Published on: 11 November 2011

  21. Research

    Male gender predicts mortality in a large cohort of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Uganda

    Because men in Africa are less likely to access HIV/AIDS care than women, we aimed to determine if men have differing outcomes from women across a nationally representative sample of adult patients receiving c...

    Edward J Mills, Celestin Bakanda, Josephine Birungi, Keith Chan, Robert S Hogg, Nathan Ford, Jean B Nachega and Curtis L Cooper

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:52

    Published on: 3 November 2011

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