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Journal of the International AIDS Society

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  1. Content type: Debate

    Antiretroviral therapy significantly reduces HIV viral burden and prolongs life, but does not cure HIV infection. The major scientific barrier to a cure is thought to be the persistence of the virus in cellula...

    Authors: Rowena Johnston and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:16

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  2. Content type: Research

    Cryptococcal infection is a common opportunistic infection among severely immunosuppressed HIV patients and is associated with high mortality. Positive cryptococcal antigenemia is an independent predictor of c...

    Authors: Jacinta Oyella, David Meya, Francis Bajunirwe and Moses R Kamya

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:15

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  3. Content type: Research

    As stavudine remains an important and widely prescribed drug in resource-limited settings, the effect of a reduced dose of stavudine (from 40 mg to 30 mg) on outcomes of highly active antiretroviral therapy (H...

    Authors: Mhairi Maskew, Daniel Westreich, Matthew P Fox, Thapelo Maotoe and Ian M Sanne

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:13

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  4. Content type: Research

    After rapid scaling up of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1-infected patients, the data of primary HIV-1 drug resistance in Thailand is still limited. This study aims to determine the prevalence and associated f...

    Authors: Somnuek Sungkanuparph, Chonlaphat Sukasem, Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul, Ekawat Pasomsub and Wasun Chantratita

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:12

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  5. Content type: Commentary

    Sex and gender differences influence the health and wellbeing of men and women. Although studies have drawn attention to observed differences between women and men across diseases, remarkably little research h...

    Authors: Shirin Heidari, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Judith D Auerbach, Simone E Buitendijk, Pedro Cahn, Mirjam J Curno, Catherine Hankins, Elly Katabira, Susan Kippax, Richard Marlink, Joan Marsh, Ana Marusic, Heidi M Nass, Julio Montaner, Elizabeth Pollitzer, Maria Teresa Ruiz-Cantero…

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:11

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  6. Content type: Research

    Injection drug users (IDUs) face numerous obstacles to receiving optimal HIV care, and have been shown to underutilize antiretroviral therapy (ART). We sought to estimate the degree to which providers of HIV c...

    Authors: Ryan P Westergaard, Bridget K Ambrose, Shruti H Mehta and Gregory D Kirk

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:10

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  7. Content type: Research

    Nyanza Province, Kenya, had the highest HIV prevalence in the country at 14.9% in 2007, more than twice the national HIV prevalence of 7.1%. Only 16% of HIV-infected adults in the country accurately knew their...

    Authors: Jayne Lewis Kulzer, Jeremy A Penner, Reson Marima, Patrick Oyaro, Arbogast O Oyanga, Starley B Shade, Cinthia C Blat, Lennah Nyabiage, Christina W Mwachari, Hellen C Muttai, Elizabeth A Bukusi and Craig R Cohen

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:8

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  8. Content type: Research

    With an overall adult HIV prevalence of 15.3%, Namibia is facing one of the largest HIV epidemics in Africa. Young people aged 20 to 34 years constitute one of the groups at highest risk of HIV infection in Na...

    Authors: Ingrid H de Beer, Huub C Gelderblom, Onno Schellekens, Esegiel Gaeb, Gert van Rooy, Alta McNally, Ferdinand W Wit and Rinke de Wit F Tobias

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:9

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  9. Content type: Research

    In resource-poor settings, mortality is at its highest during the first 3 months after combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) initiation. A clear predictor of mortality during this period is having a low ...

    Authors: Paula Braitstein, Abraham Siika, Joseph Hogan, Rose Kosgei, Edwin Sang, John Sidle, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Alfred Keter, Joseph Mamlin and Sylvester Kimaiyo

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:7

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  10. Content type: Research

    Prior to the antiretroviral (ARV) drug roll out in 2004, people living with HIV (PLHIV) in South Africa received disability grants when they were defined as “AIDS-sick". In the absence of available and effecti...

    Authors: Marina Manuela de Paoli, Elizabeth Anne Mills and Arne Backer Grønningsæter

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:6

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  11. Content type: Research

    Operational effectiveness of large-scale national programmes for the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa remains limited. We report on HIV-free survival among nine- ...

    Authors: Hinda Ruton, Placidie Mugwaneza, Nadine Shema, Alexandre Lyambabaje, Jean de Dieu Bizimana, Landry Tsague, Elevanie Nyankesha, Claire M Wagner, Vincent Mutabazi, Jean Pierre Nyemazi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Corine Karema and Agnes Binagwaho

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:4

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  12. Content type: Research

    The objective was to examine the short-term risk and predictors of anaemia following initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients from the Western Africa, Eastern Africa, So...

    Authors: Jialun Zhou, Antoine Jaquet, Emmanuel Bissagnene, Beverly Musick, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Nicola Maxwell, Andrew Boulle, Firas Wehbe, Daniel Masys, Jeniffer Iriondo-Perez, Jay Hemingway-Foday and Matthew Law

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:5

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  13. Content type: Research

    Point-of-care CD4 testing can provide immediate CD4 reporting at HIV-testing sites. This study evaluated performance of capillary blood sampling using the point-of-care Pima™ CD4 device in representative prima...

    Authors: Deborah K Glencross, Lindi M Coetzee, Mamsallah Faal, Martin Masango, Wendy S Stevens, WD Francois Venter and Regina Osih

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:3

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  14. Content type: Research

    The introduction of C-C chemokine receptor type-5 (CCR5) antagonists as antiretroviral therapy has led to the need to study HIV co-receptor tropism in different HIV-1 subtypes and geographical locations. This ...

    Authors: Quazi Ataher, Simon Portsmouth, Laura A Napolitano, Sybil Eng, Anna Greenacre, Andrew Kambugu, Robin Wood, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen and Randy Tressler

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:2

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  15. Content type: Research

    Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis is recommended for patients with CD4 counts of less than 200 cells/mm3. This study examines the proportion of patients in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Databas...

    Authors: Poh-Lian Lim, Jialun Zhou, Rossana A Ditangco, Matthew G Law, Thira Sirisanthana, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Yi-Ming A Chen, Praphan Phanuphak, Christopher KC Lee, Vonthanak Saphonn, Shinichi Oka, Fujie Zhang, Jun Y Choi, Sanjay Pujari, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Patrick CK Li…

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:1

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  16. Content type: Research

    We set out to determine the relative roles of stigma versus health systems in non-uptake of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV-1 interventions: we conducted cross-sectional assessment of...

    Authors: John Kinuthia, James N Kiarie, Carey Farquhar, Barbra A Richardson, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:61

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  17. Content type: Research

    HIV is an important factor affecting healthcare workforce capacity in high-prevalence countries, such as Swaziland. It contributes to loss of valuable healthcare providers directly through death and absenteeis...

    Authors: Daniel H de Vries, Shannon Galvin, Masitsela Mhlanga, Brian Cindzi and Thabsile Dlamini

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:60

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  18. Content type: Research

    Information on the costs of implementing programmes designed to provide support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere is increasingly being requested by donors for progra...

    Authors: Bruce A Larson and Nancy Wambua

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:59

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  19. Content type: Research

    The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Guatemala among the general population is 0.79%, and 94% of transmission is directly related to sexual contact. Studies have been conducted on high- prevalence HIV-positive popula...

    Authors: Juan J Delgado Hurtado, Marcela Pineda, Iris Cazali and Carlos Mejía

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:58

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  20. Content type: Research

    We wanted to explore to what extent environmental exposure to immune stimulants, which is expected to be more present in rural than in urban settings, influences T cell activation and maturation in healthy and...

    Authors: Fabrice Tiba, Frans Nauwelaers, Lassana Sangaré, Boubacar Coulibaly, Hans-Georg Kräusslich and Thomas Böhler

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:57

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  21. Content type: Review

    It is critical to include a sexual and reproductive health lens in HIV programming as most HIV transmission occurs through sexual intercourse. As global attention is focusing on the sexual and reproductive hea...

    Authors: Jill Gay, Karen Hardee, Melanie Croce-Galis and Carolina Hall

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:56

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  22. Content type: Research

    The historic use of full-dose ritonavir as part of an unboosted protease inhibitor (PI)-based antiretroviral therapy regimen in some South African children contributes to the frequent accumulation of major PI ...

    Authors: Gert U van Zyl, Helena Rabie, James J Nuttall and Mark F Cotton

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:55

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  23. Content type: Research

    In many areas of the world where HIV prevalence is high, rates of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion have also been shown to be high. Of all pregnancies worldwide in 2008, 41% were reported as unintended...

    Authors: Phyllis J Orner, Maria de Bruyn, Regina Maria Barbosa, Heather Boonstra, Jennifer Gatsi-Mallet and Diane D Cooper

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:54

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  24. Content type: Research

    Micronutrient deficiencies occur commonly in people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Since aflatoxin exposure also results in reduced levels of several micronutrients, HIV and aflatoxin may work...

    Authors: Francis A Obuseh, Pauline E Jolly, Andrzej Kulczycki, John Ehiri, John Waterbor, Renee A Desmond, Peter O Preko, Yi Jiang and Chandrika J Piyathilake

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:53

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  25. Content type: Research

    Because men in Africa are less likely to access HIV/AIDS care than women, we aimed to determine if men have differing outcomes from women across a nationally representative sample of adult patients receiving c...

    Authors: Edward J Mills, Celestin Bakanda, Josephine Birungi, Keith Chan, Robert S Hogg, Nathan Ford, Jean B Nachega and Curtis L Cooper

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:52

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