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  1. Content type: Debate

    Antiretroviral therapy significantly reduces HIV viral burden and prolongs life, but does not cure HIV infection. The major scientific barrier to a cure is thought to be the persistence of the virus in cellula...

    Authors: Rowena Johnston and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:16

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  2. Content type: Research

    Cryptococcal infection is a common opportunistic infection among severely immunosuppressed HIV patients and is associated with high mortality. Positive cryptococcal antigenemia is an independent predictor of c...

    Authors: Jacinta Oyella, David Meya, Francis Bajunirwe and Moses R Kamya

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:15

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  3. Content type: Research

    As stavudine remains an important and widely prescribed drug in resource-limited settings, the effect of a reduced dose of stavudine (from 40 mg to 30 mg) on outcomes of highly active antiretroviral therapy (H...

    Authors: Mhairi Maskew, Daniel Westreich, Matthew P Fox, Thapelo Maotoe and Ian M Sanne

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:13

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  4. Content type: Research

    After rapid scaling up of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1-infected patients, the data of primary HIV-1 drug resistance in Thailand is still limited. This study aims to determine the prevalence and associated f...

    Authors: Somnuek Sungkanuparph, Chonlaphat Sukasem, Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul, Ekawat Pasomsub and Wasun Chantratita

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:12

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  5. Content type: Commentary

    Sex and gender differences influence the health and wellbeing of men and women. Although studies have drawn attention to observed differences between women and men across diseases, remarkably little research h...

    Authors: Shirin Heidari, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Judith D Auerbach, Simone E Buitendijk, Pedro Cahn, Mirjam J Curno, Catherine Hankins, Elly Katabira, Susan Kippax, Richard Marlink, Joan Marsh, Ana Marusic, Heidi M Nass, Julio Montaner, Elizabeth Pollitzer, Maria Teresa Ruiz-Cantero…

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:11

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  6. Content type: Research

    Injection drug users (IDUs) face numerous obstacles to receiving optimal HIV care, and have been shown to underutilize antiretroviral therapy (ART). We sought to estimate the degree to which providers of HIV c...

    Authors: Ryan P Westergaard, Bridget K Ambrose, Shruti H Mehta and Gregory D Kirk

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:10

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  7. Content type: Research

    Nyanza Province, Kenya, had the highest HIV prevalence in the country at 14.9% in 2007, more than twice the national HIV prevalence of 7.1%. Only 16% of HIV-infected adults in the country accurately knew their...

    Authors: Jayne Lewis Kulzer, Jeremy A Penner, Reson Marima, Patrick Oyaro, Arbogast O Oyanga, Starley B Shade, Cinthia C Blat, Lennah Nyabiage, Christina W Mwachari, Hellen C Muttai, Elizabeth A Bukusi and Craig R Cohen

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:8

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  8. Content type: Research

    With an overall adult HIV prevalence of 15.3%, Namibia is facing one of the largest HIV epidemics in Africa. Young people aged 20 to 34 years constitute one of the groups at highest risk of HIV infection in Na...

    Authors: Ingrid H de Beer, Huub C Gelderblom, Onno Schellekens, Esegiel Gaeb, Gert van Rooy, Alta McNally, Ferdinand W Wit and Rinke de Wit F Tobias

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:9

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  9. Content type: Research

    In resource-poor settings, mortality is at its highest during the first 3 months after combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) initiation. A clear predictor of mortality during this period is having a low ...

    Authors: Paula Braitstein, Abraham Siika, Joseph Hogan, Rose Kosgei, Edwin Sang, John Sidle, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Alfred Keter, Joseph Mamlin and Sylvester Kimaiyo

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:7

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  10. Content type: Research

    Prior to the antiretroviral (ARV) drug roll out in 2004, people living with HIV (PLHIV) in South Africa received disability grants when they were defined as “AIDS-sick". In the absence of available and effecti...

    Authors: Marina Manuela de Paoli, Elizabeth Anne Mills and Arne Backer Grønningsæter

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:6

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  11. Content type: Research

    Operational effectiveness of large-scale national programmes for the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa remains limited. We report on HIV-free survival among nine- ...

    Authors: Hinda Ruton, Placidie Mugwaneza, Nadine Shema, Alexandre Lyambabaje, Jean de Dieu Bizimana, Landry Tsague, Elevanie Nyankesha, Claire M Wagner, Vincent Mutabazi, Jean Pierre Nyemazi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Corine Karema and Agnes Binagwaho

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:4

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  12. Content type: Research

    The objective was to examine the short-term risk and predictors of anaemia following initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients from the Western Africa, Eastern Africa, So...

    Authors: Jialun Zhou, Antoine Jaquet, Emmanuel Bissagnene, Beverly Musick, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Nicola Maxwell, Andrew Boulle, Firas Wehbe, Daniel Masys, Jeniffer Iriondo-Perez, Jay Hemingway-Foday and Matthew Law

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:5

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  13. Content type: Research

    Point-of-care CD4 testing can provide immediate CD4 reporting at HIV-testing sites. This study evaluated performance of capillary blood sampling using the point-of-care Pima™ CD4 device in representative prima...

    Authors: Deborah K Glencross, Lindi M Coetzee, Mamsallah Faal, Martin Masango, Wendy S Stevens, WD Francois Venter and Regina Osih

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:3

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  14. Content type: Research

    The introduction of C-C chemokine receptor type-5 (CCR5) antagonists as antiretroviral therapy has led to the need to study HIV co-receptor tropism in different HIV-1 subtypes and geographical locations. This ...

    Authors: Quazi Ataher, Simon Portsmouth, Laura A Napolitano, Sybil Eng, Anna Greenacre, Andrew Kambugu, Robin Wood, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen and Randy Tressler

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:2

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  15. Content type: Research

    Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis is recommended for patients with CD4 counts of less than 200 cells/mm3. This study examines the proportion of patients in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Databas...

    Authors: Poh-Lian Lim, Jialun Zhou, Rossana A Ditangco, Matthew G Law, Thira Sirisanthana, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Yi-Ming A Chen, Praphan Phanuphak, Christopher KC Lee, Vonthanak Saphonn, Shinichi Oka, Fujie Zhang, Jun Y Choi, Sanjay Pujari, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Patrick CK Li…

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 15:1

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  16. Content type: Research

    We set out to determine the relative roles of stigma versus health systems in non-uptake of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV-1 interventions: we conducted cross-sectional assessment of...

    Authors: John Kinuthia, James N Kiarie, Carey Farquhar, Barbra A Richardson, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:61

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  17. Content type: Research

    HIV is an important factor affecting healthcare workforce capacity in high-prevalence countries, such as Swaziland. It contributes to loss of valuable healthcare providers directly through death and absenteeis...

    Authors: Daniel H de Vries, Shannon Galvin, Masitsela Mhlanga, Brian Cindzi and Thabsile Dlamini

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:60

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  18. Content type: Research

    Information on the costs of implementing programmes designed to provide support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere is increasingly being requested by donors for progra...

    Authors: Bruce A Larson and Nancy Wambua

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:59

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  19. Content type: Research

    The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Guatemala among the general population is 0.79%, and 94% of transmission is directly related to sexual contact. Studies have been conducted on high- prevalence HIV-positive popula...

    Authors: Juan J Delgado Hurtado, Marcela Pineda, Iris Cazali and Carlos Mejía

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:58

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  20. Content type: Research

    We wanted to explore to what extent environmental exposure to immune stimulants, which is expected to be more present in rural than in urban settings, influences T cell activation and maturation in healthy and...

    Authors: Fabrice Tiba, Frans Nauwelaers, Lassana Sangaré, Boubacar Coulibaly, Hans-Georg Kräusslich and Thomas Böhler

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:57

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  21. Content type: Review

    It is critical to include a sexual and reproductive health lens in HIV programming as most HIV transmission occurs through sexual intercourse. As global attention is focusing on the sexual and reproductive hea...

    Authors: Jill Gay, Karen Hardee, Melanie Croce-Galis and Carolina Hall

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:56

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  22. Content type: Research

    The historic use of full-dose ritonavir as part of an unboosted protease inhibitor (PI)-based antiretroviral therapy regimen in some South African children contributes to the frequent accumulation of major PI ...

    Authors: Gert U van Zyl, Helena Rabie, James J Nuttall and Mark F Cotton

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:55

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  23. Content type: Research

    In many areas of the world where HIV prevalence is high, rates of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion have also been shown to be high. Of all pregnancies worldwide in 2008, 41% were reported as unintended...

    Authors: Phyllis J Orner, Maria de Bruyn, Regina Maria Barbosa, Heather Boonstra, Jennifer Gatsi-Mallet and Diane D Cooper

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:54

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  24. Content type: Research

    Micronutrient deficiencies occur commonly in people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Since aflatoxin exposure also results in reduced levels of several micronutrients, HIV and aflatoxin may work...

    Authors: Francis A Obuseh, Pauline E Jolly, Andrzej Kulczycki, John Ehiri, John Waterbor, Renee A Desmond, Peter O Preko, Yi Jiang and Chandrika J Piyathilake

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:53

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  25. Content type: Research

    Because men in Africa are less likely to access HIV/AIDS care than women, we aimed to determine if men have differing outcomes from women across a nationally representative sample of adult patients receiving c...

    Authors: Edward J Mills, Celestin Bakanda, Josephine Birungi, Keith Chan, Robert S Hogg, Nathan Ford, Jean B Nachega and Curtis L Cooper

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:52

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  26. Content type: Research

    Between 2002 and 2010, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria's investment in HIV increased substantially to reach US$12 billion. We assessed how the Global Fund's investments in HIV programme...

    Authors: Olga Avdeeva, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Abdel Mohamed Aziz and Rifat Atun

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:51

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  27. Content type: Research

    Prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmes have great potential to achieve virtual elimination of perinatal HIV transmission provided that PMTCT recommendations are properly followed. Th...

    Authors: Alemnesh H Mirkuzie, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Mitike Molla Sisay, Karen Marie Moland and Odd Mørkve

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:50

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  28. Content type: Review

    Heterosexual exposure accounts for most HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, and this mode, as a proportion of new infections, is escalating globally. The scientific evidence accumulated over more than 20 y...

    Authors: Richard G Wamai, Brian J Morris, Stefan A Bailis, David Sokal, Jeffrey D Klausner, Ross Appleton, Nelson Sewankambo, David A Cooper, John Bongaarts, Guy de Bruyn, Alex D Wodak and Joya Banerjee

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:49

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  29. Content type: Research

    Cryptococcal meningitis is a leading cause of death among HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. Recent developments include the availability of intravenous fluconazole, cryptococcal antigen assays an...

    Authors: Bahati MK Wajanga, Samuel Kalluvya, Jennifer A Downs, Warren D Johnson, Daniel W Fitzgerald and Robert N Peck

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:48

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  30. Content type: Research

    East Africa has experienced a rapid expansion in access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected patients. Regionally representative socio-demographic, laboratory and clinical characteristics of patien...

    Authors: Elvin H Geng, Peter W Hunt, Lameck O Diero, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Geofrey R Somi, Pius Okong, David R Bangsberg, Mwebesa B Bwana, Craig R Cohen, Juliana A Otieno, Deo Wabwire, Batya Elul, Denis Nash, Philippa J Easterbrook, Paula Braitstein, Beverly S Musick…

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:46

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  31. Content type: Review

    This paper raises the question of how knowledge creation is organized in the area of HIV prevention and how this concatenation of expertise, resources, at-risk people and viruses shapes the knowledge used to i...

    Authors: Barry D Adam

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  32. Content type: Research

    Research policy in the field of HIV has changed substantially in recent decades in Switzerland. Until 2004, social science research on HIV/AIDS was funded by specialized funding agencies. After 2004, funding o...

    Authors: Kathrin Frey and Daniel Kübler

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S7

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  33. Content type: Research

    Researchers have long recognized the importance of a central government’s political “commitment” in order to mount an effective response to HIV. The concept of political commitment remains ill-defined, however...

    Authors: Ashley M Fox, Allison B Goldberg, Radhika J Gore and Till Bärnighausen

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S5

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  34. Content type: Commentary

    Biomedical research is critical to identifying effective and safe interventions, such as vaccines, microbicides, male circumcision and antiretrovirals, for prevention. Funding for clinical prevention trials is...

    Authors: Kathleen M MacQueen

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S3

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  35. Content type: Research

    There exists no consistent explanation for why some countries are successful in combating HIV/AIDS and others are not, and we need such an explanation in order to design effective policies and programmes. Rese...

    Authors: Rachel Sullivan Robinson

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S6

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  36. Content type: Research

    Randomized controlled trials and critical social theory are known not to be happy bedfellows. Such trials are embedded in a positivist view of the world, seeking definitive answers to testable questions; criti...

    Authors: Catherine M Montgomery and Robert Pool

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  37. Content type: Introduction

    This supplement to the Journal of the International AIDS Society focuses on the engagement of the social and political sciences within HIV research and, in particular, maintaining a productive relationship betwee...

    Authors: Susan C Kippax, Martin Holt and Samuel R Friedman

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S1

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  38. Content type: Research

    The Brazilian network for genotyping is composed of 21 laboratories that perform and analyze genotyping tests for all HIV-infected patients within the public system, performing approximately 25,000 tests per y...

    Authors: Denise CF Souza, Maria Cecilia A Sucupira, Rodrigo M Brindeiro, José Carlos C Fernandez, Ester C Sabino, Lilian A Inocencio and Ricardo S Diaz

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:45

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  39. Content type: Research

    The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of a written invitation letter to the spouses of new antenatal clinic attendees on attendance by couples and on male partner acceptance of HIV testing at s...

    Authors: Robert Byamugisha, Anne N Åstrøm, Grace Ndeezi, Charles AS Karamagi, Thorkild Tylleskär and James K Tumwine

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:43

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  40. Content type: Research

    Use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a triple-drug combination, in HIV-infected pregnant women markedly reduces mother to child transmission of HIV and decreases maternal morbidity. However, th...

    Authors: Karin van der Merwe, Risa Hoffman, Vivian Black, Matthew Chersich, Ashraf Coovadia and Helen Rees

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:42

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  41. Content type: Research

    Cytomegalovirus retinitis is a neglected disease in resource-poor settings, in part because of the perceived complexity of care and because ophthalmologists are rarely accessible. In this paper, we describe a ...

    Authors: NiNi Tun, Nikolas London, Moe Kyaw Kyaw, Frank Smithuis, Nathan Ford, Todd Margolis, W Lawrence Drew, Susan Lewallen and David Heiden

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:41

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  42. Content type: Research

    Diagnosis of primary HIV infection (PHI) has important clinical and public health implications. HAART initiation at this stage remains controversial.

    Authors: M Eugenia Socías, Omar Sued, Natalia Laufer, María E Lázaro, Horacio Mingrone, Daniel Pryluka, Carlos Remondegui, María I Figueroa, Carina Cesar, Ana Gun, Gabriela Turk, María B Bouzas, Ravi Kavasery, Alejandro Krolewiecki, Héctor Pérez, Horacio Salomón…

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:40

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  43. Content type: Research

    Our objective was to describe the characteristics of acute and established HIV infections diagnosed in the Canadian province of British Columbia. Province-wide HIV testing and surveillance data were analyzed t...

    Authors: Malcolm Steinberg, Darrel A Cook, Mark Gilbert, Mel Krajden, Devon Haag, Peggy Tsang, Elsie Wong, James I Brooks, Harriet Merks and Michael L Rekart

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:39

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  44. Content type: Research

    Updated World Health Organization guidelines have amplified debate about how resource constraints should impact monitoring strategies for HIV-infected persons on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). We e...

    Authors: R Scott Braithwaite, Kimberly A Nucifora, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Beverly Musick, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Lameck Diero, Melanie C Bacon and Kara Wools-Kaloustian

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:38

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  45. Content type: Research

    The degree of immune reconstitution achieved in response to suppressive ART is associated with baseline individual characteristics, such as pre-treatment CD4 count, levels of viral replication, cellular activa...

    Authors: Livio Azzoni, Andrea S Foulkes, Cynthia Firnhaber, Xiangfan Yin, Nigel J Crowther, Deborah Glencross, Denise Lawrie, Wendy Stevens, Emmanouil Papasavvas, Ian Sanne and Luis J Montaner

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:37

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  46. Content type: Review

    The number of people receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) has increased considerably in recent years and is expected to continue to grow in the coming years. A major challenge is to maintain uninterrupted ...

    Authors: Erik J Schouten, Andreas Jahn, Anne Ben-Smith, Simon D Makombe, Anthony D Harries, Francis Aboagye-Nyame and Frank Chimbwandira

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  47. Content type: Research

    Zimbabwe has been severely affected by the HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis epidemics, with an estimated 80% of tuberculosis patients being HIV infected. We set out to use annual population-mortality records from the...

    Authors: Riitta A Dlodlo, Paula I Fujiwara, Zanele E Hwalima, Stanley Mungofa and Anthony D Harries

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  48. Content type: Editorial

    Three decades after the emergence of HIV, we have made great strides in our response to the epidemic, from prevention of transmission to testing and treatment. However, it is still common in high-prevalence se...

    Authors: Shirin Heidari, Anthony D Harries and Rony Zachariah

    Citation: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S1

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

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