Pooled week 48 safety and efficacy results from the ECHO and THRIVE phase III trials comparing TMC278 vs EFV in treatment-naïve, HIV-1-infected patients
© Cohen et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 8 November 2010
Pooled 48-week primary analysis results of two double-blind, randomised, TMC278 Phase III trials, ECHO (TMC278-C209, NCT00540449) and THRIVE (TMC278-C215, NCT00543725), are presented.
Treatment-naïve adult patients (N=1368) received (1:1) TMC278 25mg qd or EFV 600mg qd, plus TDF/FTC (ECHO), or TDF/FTC, AZT/3TC or ABC/3TC (THRIVE). The primary objective was to demonstrate non-inferiority (12% margin) of TMC278 to EFV in confirmed virologic response (viral load [VL] <50 copies/mL ITT-TLOVR algorithm) at Week 48.
At Week 48, TMC278 demonstrated a high virologic response rate (≥83%) and non-inferior efficacy versus EFV when administered with NRTIs in both Phase III trials. The virologic failure rate was significantly higher with TMC278, while the incidences of AEs leading to discontinuation were significantly lower with TMC278. Grade 2-4 AEs at least possibly related to treatment were half as frequent with TMC278 compared with EFV. In addition, incidences of dizziness, abnormal dreams/nightmare and rash were significantly lower for TMC278, and TMC278 had significantly fewer grade 3/4 lipid abnormalities than EFV.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.