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Herb-drug interaction between Echinacea purpurea and darunavir/ritonavir in HIV-infected patients
© Moltó et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 8 November 2010
Purpose of the study
To investigate the potential of a commonly used botanical supplement, Echinacea purpurea, to interact with the boosted protease inhibitor darunavir/ritonavir.
Open-label, fixed-sequence study in 15 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy including darunavir/ritonavir (600/100 mg twice daily) for at least 4 weeks. Echinacea purpurea root extract-containing capsules were added to the antiretroviral treatment (500 mg every 6 hours) from days 1 to 14. Darunavir concentrations in plasma were determined by using HPLC immediately before and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hours after a morning dose of darunavir/ritonavir on days 0 (darunavir/ritonavir) and 14 (darunavir/ritonavir + echinacea). Individual darunavir pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by using non-compartmental analysis, and were compared between days 0 and 14 by using the geometric mean ratio (GMR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI).
DRV/r + Echinacea
GMR (95% CI)
coadministration of Echinacea purpurea with darunavir/ritonavir was safe and well tolerated in HIV-infected patients; data suggest that no dose adjustment for darunavir/ritonavir is necessary.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.