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- Open Access
Maraviroc (MVC) increases CD4+ and CD8+ cells: long-term data from the MVC clinical development program
Journal of the International AIDS Society volume 13, Article number: O45 (2010)
Across the MVC development program, patients who received MVC-containing regimens experienced greater increases in CD4+ cell counts than those observed in comparator arms in primary analyses. Here we present longer term immunological data from this program.
Material and methods
Long-term (96 week) data from subjects with CCR5-tropic HIV infection in the following ongoing MVC studies were included in the analysis: (1) MOTIVATE study (MVC QD and BID vs placebo (PBO), each combined with optimized background therapy in treatment-experienced [TE] subjects); and (2) MERIT study (MVC BID vs EFV, each combined with ZDV/3TC in treatment-naïve [TN] subjects). Additionally, interim week 24 data from the ongoing 96-week 1078 study (MVC QD vs TDF/FTC, each combined with ATV/r in TN subjects) were summarized. Descriptive statistics are presented for data at baseline and at week 96 (MERIT/MOTIVATE) or week 24 (1078) pertaining to change in CD4+ and CD8+ cells.
Greater increases in CD4+ cells in MVC-containing groups persisted through 96 weeks in the MOTIVATE and MERIT studies, and through 24 weeks in the 1078 study (Table 1). Similarly, changes in CD8+ cells from baseline to weeks 96 or 24 favored MVC-containing regimens in all three studies. In a combined LOCF analysis of patients from all three studies at week 24, CD4+ counts increased by a median 100.5 cells/µL in 1260 recipients of MVC-containing regimens, compared with 84.5 cells/µL in 631 recipients of comparator regimens; CD8+ counts increased by a median 153 cells/µL in the MVC group, compared with a decrease of 61 cells/µL in the comparator group. At week 96, a combined analysis of patients from the MOTIVATE and MERIT studies showed median CD4+ increases from baseline of 129.5 and 100.3 cells/µL in the MVC (N=1177) and comparator (N=554) groups, respectively; CD8+ changes were 96 and -72 cells/µL, respectively. In all studies, differences in CD4+ and CD8+ counts between treatment groups were independent of differences in viral load changes (data not shown).
Greater increases in CD4+ and CD8+ counts were consistently achieved with MVC-containing regimens, compared to regimens without MVC, and persisted through at least 2 years of therapy in both TN and TE patients. These differences were independent of changes in HIV-1 RNA and are evident with multiple different MVC-containing regimens.
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Lazzarin, A., Sierra-Madero, J., Battegay, M. et al. Maraviroc (MVC) increases CD4+ and CD8+ cells: long-term data from the MVC clinical development program. JIAS 13 (Suppl 4), O45 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-13-S4-O45
- Great Increase
- Load Change
- Background Therapy
- Clinical Development Program