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  • Open Access

Continuous decline in prevalence of drug resistance mutations among naïve and cART experienced HIV-positive patients in Poland over time

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Journal of the International AIDS Society200811 (Suppl 1) :P184

  • Published:


  • Drug Resistance
  • Single Classis
  • Virus Variant
  • Drug Resistance Mutation
  • Standardize List

Purpose of the study

Current guidelines recommend drug resistance (DR) testing before the initiation of therapy. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of DR mutations among newly infected and cART experienced persons in Poland and compare them with the values obtained in the years 2006 and 2002–2005.


The sequencing of protease and part of reverse transcriptase region was performed using Trugene or ViroSeq assay. The prevalence of drug resistance mutations was estimated according to mutation list created for epidemiological estimates of transmitted resistance [1]. Class resistance was defined as the presence of at least one mutation associated with resistance to any drug in that class.

Summary of results

The study included 103 treatment naïve and 123 were cART experienced persons. In the treatment naïve group, the prevalence of transmitted DR was 3.9% (5.8% in 2006 and 14.1% in 2002–2005) and in all cases limited to single classes. Mutations associated with resistance to NRTIs and to NNRTIs were present in 1.9% of cases each. No transmitted resistance to PIs was detected. In the cART experienced group, the prevalence of DR mutations reached 43.1% (52.6% in 2006 and 76.7% in 2002–2005). Most of the virus variants were resistant to two classes of drugs (28%), followed by resistance to one class (13%). In two cases a three-class resistant strain was detected (1.6%). The most common were mutations associated with resistance to NRTIs (38%), followed by NNRTIs (24%) and PIs (15%).


The prevalence of DR mutations in both analyzed groups decreased when compared to previous studies from 2006 and 2002–2005. It may be the effect of more effective antiretroviral drugs, incorporation of GT results into clinical practice, and/or growing awareness of the role of adherence. Transmission of DR mutations in Poland is limited to single classes which is concordant with the results of a study conducted by the SPREAD programme in Europe [2]. The publication of standardized lists of HIV-1 protease and reverse transcriptase mutations for DR surveillance [1] facilitates the comparison of results obtained in different countries.

Authors’ Affiliations

Hospital for Infectious Diseases, Warsaw, Poland
Medical University, Bialystok, Poland


  1. Shafer , et al: HIV-1 protease and reverse transcriptase mutations for drug resistance surveillance. AIDS. 2007, 21: 215-23.PubMedPubMed CentralView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Transmission of drug-resistant HIV-1 in Europe remains limited to single classes. The SPREAD progamme. AIDS. 2008, 22: 625-635.Google Scholar


© Stanczak et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.