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Epidemiological description of the demographic and HIV disease characteristics of HIV patients who are in care but not on treatment in Spain
© Domingo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 8 November 2010
It is estimated that around 15% of HIV infected patients are being followed in HIV units for disease evolution and need of treatment. Data on the demographics and HIV disease status of these patients are scarce.
Cross sectional analysis within 12 HIV units in Spain with the aim of describing the characteristics of patients in care but not on treatment. We collected data on demographics, HIV disease status as well as the prevalence of non-HIV co-morbidities that could qualify for antiretroviral treatment initiation regardless immunological status according to current Spanish treatment guidelines.
Data from 865 patients naïve to ARV treatment were collected. Mean age 37 y, most of them were male (83%) and Caucasian (85%). Predominant HIV risk factor was MSM (56%). Median time from HIV diagnosis 2.3 y (IQR 1.0 to 5.1). Current median CD4 cell count was 602 /mm3 (IQR 422 to 729) and mean HIV-1 RNA levels were 4.6 log.
CD4 350 - 500 (n=261)
>55 years of age
HIV RNA >100,000 cop/mL
CD4 percentage < 14%
HBV coinfection requiring treatment
HIV associated nephropaty
10 y CHD>20% (Framinghan score)
In our cohort of patients who are under care but not on treatment, a considerable amount of them could benefit from treatment initiation according to current guidelines. When monitoring to what extent treatment guidelines are being followed, non HIV comorbidities should also be taken into account. Among these patients, HCV coinfection is the most prevalent comorbidity. Some of these patients could also benefit from generalisation of cardiovascular risk evaluation in HIV units.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.