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Journal of the International AIDS Society

Open Access

48-week efficacy and safety of transitioning virologically stable HIV-1 patients from nevirapine IR 200 mg BID to nevirapine XR 400 mg QD (TRANxITION)

  • K Arastéh1,
  • A Ward2,
  • A Plettenberg3,
  • JM Livrozet4,
  • C Cordes1,
  • A Winston5,
  • E Wang6 and
  • A Quinson6
Journal of the International AIDS Society201013(Suppl 4):P45

Published: 8 November 2010


Wk 24 TRANxITION study data showed patients transitioned from immediate release nevirapine (NVP IR) twice daily (BID) to NVP extended release (NVP XR) once-daily (QD) demonstrated non-inferior efficacy to patients continuing on IR NVP BID [1]. Similar safety was reported for NVP XR and NVP IR in the VERxVE study [2]2. Wk 48 efficacy/safety data from TRANxITION study are presented here.


Open label, randomized (2:1), non-inferiority, parallel group study comparing NVP XR 400 mg QD with NVP IR 200 mg BID in HIV-1 patients >18 years receiving IR NVP plus one of three NRTI combinations, with viral load (VL) <50 copies/mL. Patients remained on their previous background therapy for treatment duration. Sustained virologic response (VL <50 copies/mL) was assessed at Wk 48 using a time-to-loss of virologic response (TLOVR) algorithm.


426 patients completed 48 wks of treatment. 94.9% of NVP XR and 91.9% of NVP IR patients. Mean baseline CD4+ counts: 557.7 cells/mm3 and 569.7 cells/mm3, respectively. 48 Wk data are reported in Table 1. Non-inferiority of virologic suppression was achieved using a TLOVR and snapshot analysis.

Table 1


NVP XR QD (N=295)

IR NVP BID (N=148)

Difference (95% CI)

Virologic response (VL <50 copies/mL, TLOVR-FAS), n (%)

261 (88.5)

130 (87.8)

0.6 (-5.9, 7.1)*

CD4+ count cells/mm3 (LOCF), mean (SD)

52.1 (140.5)

81.6 (138.2)


AEs, n (%)

255 (86.4%)

108 (73.0%)


DAIDS Grade 3-4

19 (6.4%)

9 (6.1%)


SAEs, n (%)†

30 (10.2%)

12 (8.1%)


*Based on Cochran's statistic †None drug related, FAS = full analysis set; AE = adverse event; SAE = Serious adverse event

AEs were mostly mild-moderate in both groups with a higher reported rate of gastrointestinal AEs in XR. The proportion of patients with DAIDS Grade 3/4 AEs was similar in the XR and IR groups.


At Wk 48, non-inferiority between the NVP XR 400 mg QD and NVP IR 200 mg BID groups was sustained. No unexpected AEs were observed at Wk 48. These data support transition from NVP IR to NVP XR in patients stable on the former formulation.

Authors’ Affiliations

EPIMED, Vivantes Auguste-Viktoria-Klinikum
Dupont Circle Physicians Group
Asklepios Klinik St. Georg
Hôpital Edouard Herriot
St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College
Boehringer Ingelheim Inc


  1. Arasteh K, et al: Presented at ICAAC 2010, Boston, USA. Abst: 2148Google Scholar
  2. Gathe J, et al: Presented at XVIII International AIDS Conference, Vienna, Austria. Abst: THLBB202Google Scholar


© Arastéh et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.