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O213. Low-level viraemia during treatment with darunavir/r monotherapy versus DRV/r + 2NRTIs in the MONET trial

Background

Patients with HIV RNA suppression below 50 copies/mL may still have HIV RNA detectable by more sensitive PCR assay techniques.

Methods

In the MONET trial, 256 patients with HIV RNA <50 copies/mL on current HAART, and no history of virological failure, switched to DRV/r 800/100 mg once daily, either as monotherapy (n=127) or with 2NRTI (n=129). HIV RNA was evaluated by the Roche Amplicor Ultrasensitive assay (lower detection limit=50 copies/mL), for all patient visits to Week 96. With this assay, "Optical Density=background" was used to assess whether HIV RNA was detectable or undetectable below 50 copies/mL.

Results

Patients were 81% male, 91% Caucasian, and had median baseline CD4 count of 575 cells/uL. At the baseline visit, the percentage of patients with HIV RNA undetectable below 50 copies/mL (OD=background) was 80% in the DRV/r mono arm and 79% in the DRV/r + 2NRTI arm. The percentage with HIV RNA at different levels at the Week 96 visit is shown in Table 1 (observed data analysis)

Table 1

Including all samples from patient visits from Week 4 to Week 96, HIV RNA was above 50 copies/mL in 69/1009 samples in the DRV/r monotherapy arm (50-400: 84%, 400-1000: 12%, >1000: 4%) and 47/1051 samples in the DRV/r + 2NRTI arm (50-400: 83%, 400-1000: 8.5%, >1000: 8.5%).

Conclusions

In this study for patients with HIV RNA <50 copies/mL at baseline, switching to DRV/r monotherapy showed similar levels of HIV RNA suppression to DRV/r + 2NRTIs, using more sensitive PCR assay techniques.

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Clumeck, N., Arribas, J., Pulick, P. et al. O213. Low-level viraemia during treatment with darunavir/r monotherapy versus DRV/r + 2NRTIs in the MONET trial. JIAS 13, O19 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-13-S4-O19

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-13-S4-O19

Keywords

  • Lower Detection
  • Lower Detection Limit
  • Patient Visit
  • Virological Failure
  • Baseline Visit