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Efficacy and safety of ritonavir-boosted fosamprenavir (FPV/r) in HIV-infected patients: 48-week results from an observational study
Journal of the International AIDS Society volume 11, Article number: P86 (2008)
Purpose of the study
To demonstrate the real-life efficacy and tolerability of FPV/r in HIV-infected patients without HAART or without prior virological treatment failure under a PI-containing ART regime.
Prospective single-arm observational study. Data were collected at enrolment visit and at approx. weeks 4, 12, 24, 36 and 48. Demographics, current laboratory findings, concomitant medication and conditions, and prior antiretroviral treatment were documented. Routine efficacy – viral load (VL) and CD4 cell count – and safety parameters were assessed.
Summary of results
In total 285 patients were included with a mean observation period of 312 days per patient. 74 patients (27%) were ART-naïve; 27% of the patients stopped the previous ART due to virologic failure, 46% of the patients due to drug intolerability. The majority of the patients were classified as well compliant (71.6% were graded 1 or 2 on a 6-point-scale at last visit). The median VL decreased in well-compliant patients from 5,900 copies/ml at entry to <50 copies/ml at week 12 with sustained suppression until last visit; in patients with poor compliance, the median VL decreased from 11,048 copies/ml at entry to <50 copies/ml at week 12. In parallel the CD4 T-cell count increased from a median of 297 cells/μl at entry to a median of 425 cells/μl at last visit (whole population). In 91.2% of the ART-naïve patients and in 70% of the patients without any virological failure in a previous ART the VL decreased <400 copies/ml at week 48.
Adverse drug reactions were reported in 100 patients (35.1%), predominantly diarrhoea (21.4%) and nausea (8.4%). Serious adverse drug reactions were observed in 11 patients. In 19% of the patients therapy with FPV/r was stopped, mostly due to drug intolerability.
Fosamprenavir/ritonavir demonstrated good efficacy and tolerability in ART-naïve patients as well as in HIV patients with any virological failure in a previous ART.
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Cite this article
Hain, J., Eberle, S. & Walli, R. Efficacy and safety of ritonavir-boosted fosamprenavir (FPV/r) in HIV-infected patients: 48-week results from an observational study. JIAS 11 (Suppl 1), P86 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-11-S1-P86
- Viral Load
- Adverse Drug Reaction
- Virological Failure
- Drug Intolerability