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Patient retention on antiretroviral therapy programme: risk factor analysis of a Uganda cohort

Purpose of the study

To identify the risk factors for lost to follow-up (LTFU) among patients accessing antiretroviral therapy in Uganda.


A quantitative case control study was done. Records (cases: 201) of those LTFU were identified and a corresponding number (controls: 202) of records of those still in the programme were selected. Twenty-three variables were captured using an excel sheet. The data in the excel sheet was imported into SAS statistical software for analysis. Odds ratio and p-values were obtained to determine the strengths of association of various factors. The results were presented appropriately.

Summary of results

Data on 23 variables were collected from both cases and controls. The Odds ratio was insignificant in six out of 23 variables, namely: young age (<14 years); male sex; lack of family support; lack of social support; and few (<2) household members.


LTFU remains a big problem in Mbale Regional Referral Hospital infectious disease clinic, the main ART provider for the government ministry of health system in the eastern region. Patient factors, notably gender, age, family support, social support and number of household members, were associated with LTFU at various levels of strengths of association by Odds ratio.

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Open Access This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License ( ), which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Mills, E., Olupot-Olupot, P., Cooper, C. et al. Patient retention on antiretroviral therapy programme: risk factor analysis of a Uganda cohort. JIAS 11 (Suppl 1), P28 (2008).

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