Continuing evidence to support the role of early kinetic monitoring in predicting sustained viral response for HIV/HCV co-infected patients
Journal of the International AIDS Society volume 11, Article number: P276 (2008)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease and requirement for liver transplantation. Shared acquisition risk factors mean that HIV co-infection is common. Co-infection has been shown to lead to faster progression of liver fibrosis. Combination therapy for HCV with pegylated interferon-alpha and ribavirin (pegIFN/RBV) results in comparable sustained virological response (SVR) rates for HIV/HCV co-infected patients vs. HCV mono-infected patients. Monitoring early viral kinetics, specifically baseline HCV viral load and week 4 HCV PCR can allow tailoring of treatment duration for specific patients and give prognostic information regarding primary treatment success.
98 HIV/HCV co-infected patients were commenced on treatment with pegIFN/RBV between 2001 and 2008. Early viral kinetic data was prospectively collected on 87/98 patients and these were included in our analysis. Genotype 2/3 infected patients were treated for 24 weeks. Weight-based dosing of RBV was used. Baseline characteristics and viral kinetics were analysed using Microsoft EXCEL and Epi-Info.
Summary of results
68/87 (78%) were male. 41/87 (47%) of patients had genotype 1/4 infection. On intention-to-treat analysis (ITT), overall SVR rate was 54%. Baseline mean HCV viral load was noted to be lower in those who achieved a SVR (6 × 106 iu vs. 14 × 106 iu; p < 0.05). On ITT analysis 38/87 (44%) achieved an undetectable HCV viral load at week 4 of treatment (rapid virological response [RVR]). Patients who achieved RVR were significantly more likely to achieve SVR (90% vs. 26%; p < 0.05. On-treatment analysis revealed that 100% of patients with RVR achieved SVR. Predictors of RVR were mean HCV viral load <6 × 106 at baseline (p < 0.05) and HCV genotype 2/3 (p < 0.05).
Monitoring of early viral kinetics can be used to accurately predict those patients who will achieve SVR, especially those for whom only 24 weeks of therapy is required.
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Kieran, J., Jackson, A., Shea, D. et al. Continuing evidence to support the role of early kinetic monitoring in predicting sustained viral response for HIV/HCV co-infected patients. JIAS 11 (Suppl 1), P276 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-11-S1-P276
- Sustained Virological Response
- Sustained Virological Response Rate
- Sustained Viral Response
- Rapid Virological Response
- Viral Kinetic