Liver fibrosis: concordance analysis between APRI and FIB-4 scores, evolution and predictors in a cohort of HIV patients without HCV and HBV infection
Journal of the International AIDS Society volume 13, Article number: P92 (2010)
Purpose of the study
Liver fibrosis (LF) progression is fated to become one of the major long-term complications in HIV patients, even in those without HCV or HBV co-infections (HIV-mono-infected). The aim of this study was to assess LF progression in HIV-mono-infected patients and associated risk factors.
Observational retrospective study. All HIV naive patients who started HAART from 1996 to 2006 were included. Concordance between FIB-4 and APRI scores was assessed using the weighted kappa coefficient. Rates of transition from lower classes to higher classes were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox regression models were applied to assess possible predictors both at baseline and during the follow-up.
Summary of results
1,112 naive patients were selected. A moderate concordance between FIB-4 and APRI was demonstrated (K=0.573). For FIB-4, the incidence of transition to higher classes was 0.064 PYFU (95% CI, 0.056-0.072), while for APRI the incidence of transition was 0.099 PYFU (95% CI, 0.089-0.110). Viro-immunological control during HIV infection appeared to reduce the risk of both FIB-4 and APRI transitions. HIV-RNA <500 copies/ml (for FIB-4: HR 2.456 p<0.0001; for APRI: HR 2.084 p<0.0001) and higher CD4 T-cell counts only for FIB-4 (HR 0.881 p=0.0004 for 100 cells higher) during the follow-up were statistically protective. Among baseline variables, for FIB-4 transition, age ≥ 40 years (HR 1.037 p<0.0001) and higher FIB-4 values (HR 1.526 p=0.0038) were associated with increased risk of LF progression, while sexual risk factor for HIV acquisition resulted to be protective (HR 0.524 p=0.0314). For APRI, male gender (HR 1.390 p=0.017), higher GGT values (HR 1.015 p=0.014) and higher APRI values (HR 1.748 p=0.007) were independently associated with APRI transition. A sensitivity analysis demonstrated that DDX drugs (stavudine, didanosine, zalcitabine)as time-dependent covariates were associated with a significant risk of transition with FIB-4 (HR 1.662 p=0.0007) or APRI (HR 1.661 p=0.0001)
Our data suggest that a better viro-immunological control of HIV infection may slow down fibrosis progression provided that DDX are avoided. Moreover our analysis provided a comprehensive feature of the risk factors that should be controlled in clinical practice
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Mendeni, M., Focà, E., Gotti, D. et al. Liver fibrosis: concordance analysis between APRI and FIB-4 scores, evolution and predictors in a cohort of HIV patients without HCV and HBV infection. JIAS 13 (Suppl 4), P92 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-13-S4-P92