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High prevalence of genotype G in HIV co-infected patients compared with HBV monoinfected patients in México
© Arroyo-Anduiza et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 8 November 2010
It has been reported in Mexico that genotypes H and G are the most common, although genotypes prevalence in HIV co-infected patients is unknown.
Purpose of the study
We estimated the prevalence and identified the resistance pattern of HBV/H and G genotypes in HIV co-infected patients and compared them in mono-infected HBV patients.
A cross-sectional prevalence and analytic study were realized. Risk factors, HIV or HCV co-infections, antiretroviral therapy (ART) experience, HBsAg, HBeAg, HBV viral load and mutations genetic analysis were collected; CD4+ cells count from HIV co-infected patients and HIV viral load were measured. We calculated the prevalence and exact 95% binomial confidence interval as well the Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals to assess the relationship between risks factors and the risk of having HBV/H or G genotype.
We enrolled 84 patients, 72 men and 12 women with 41 HIV co-infected patients. The distribution of HBV genotypes was: HBV/H 56 (66%), HBV/G 22 (26.1% [95% CI 17% to 36%]), HBV/F 4 (4.7%) and HBV/A 2 (2.3%). The most frequent mutations presented in 9 HIV co-infected patients and one mono-infected patient with ART experience were rtM204V and seven of them showed genotype G (7/9). Mono-infected HBV patients exposed more probability to HBV/H genotype than co-infected HIV patients OR 13.0 (CI 95% 3.40-49.79), P=0.0001 In contrast co-infected patients presented less possibility to have genotype H, 0.56 (CI 95% 0.42-0.75).
Our results suggest that HBV/G genotype predominates in co-infected patients. As well, rtM204V and rtL180M mutations are common in HBV/HIV co-infected patients with genotype G and ART experience.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.