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Safety and efficacy of maraviroc (MVC) combined with multiple different therapeutic agents in highly treatment-experienced (TE) patients in Brazil

Background

MVC is the first-in-class CCR5 antagonist approved for use in treatment of CCR5-tropic (R5) HIV-1 infection; however, there is limited experience with MVC in regimens containing newer PIs and other new agents. This open-label 96-week multi-center study evaluates MVC in a variety of regimens to obtain additional safety and efficacy data in TE patients with limited options due to intolerance or resistance in Brazil.

Methods

Adult TE patients with R5 HIV-1 only (HIV-1 RNA >1000 cp/mL) received MVC 150-600mg (based on concomitant ARV) twice daily, combined with optimized background therapy (OBT). Every 12 weeks, safety parameters (primary endpoint), HIV RNA, and CD4 counts were assessed; we report data at 48 weeks.

Results

Of treated 206 patients, 70% were male (mean age 43 yrs) and 80% Caucasian; 2.9% and 5.8% were seropositive for HBV or HCV infection, respectively. Median baseline HIV-1 RNA and CD4 counts were 4.9 log10 copies/mL and 185 cells/mm3, respectively. OBT comprised PI+NRTI (67%), PI+NRTI+NNRTI (7.8%), PI+NRTI+other (14.6%), or other regimens (10.2%). The most frequently used NRTIs were TDF (82%), 3TC (76%) and AZT (23%); the most common PIs (most boosted with RTV) were DRV (45%), LPV (41%) and ATV (15%); 16% received RAL. OBTs contained ≤1 drug (1% of patients), 2 drugs (7.3%), 3 drugs (24.3%), 4 drugs (35.4%), 5 drugs (23.8%), or ≥6 drugs (8.2%). Sixty-five patients (31.6%) discontinued; reasons included death (6 patients), adverse events (5), insufficient clinical response (36), lost to follow-up (4), or other (14). There were 238 treatment-related adverse events in 103 patients; 16 treatment-related serious adverse events in 9 subjects; 10 category C events, none treatment-related; and 2 of the 4 malignancies (Hodgkin's disease and intestinal T-cell lymphoma) were considered treatment-related. The most common grade 3/4 lab test abnormalities were GGT elevation (11% of patients), hyperbilirubinemia (11%) and serum amylase elevation (6%). Median CD4 count increased persistently through week 48 (Figure), with similar responses comparing quartiles of baseline CD4; the median increase from baseline at week 48 was 164.5 cells/mm3. HIV-1 RNA decreases were maintained regardless of baseline viral load; overall 41.1% of patients had HIV-1 RNA <400 copies/mL at week 48.

figure 1

Figure 1

Conclusions

In highly TE patients, regimens combining MVC with different agents from multiple classes were well tolerated and provided marked antiviral and immunologic responses.

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Furtado, J., Madruga, J., Bicudo, E. et al. Safety and efficacy of maraviroc (MVC) combined with multiple different therapeutic agents in highly treatment-experienced (TE) patients in Brazil. JIAS 13, P105 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-13-S4-P105

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-13-S4-P105

Keywords

  • Maraviroc
  • CCR5 Antagonist
  • Baseline Viral Load
  • Optimize Background Therapy
  • Amylase Elevation