Volume 11 Supplement 1

Abstracts of the Ninth International Congress on Drug Therapy in HIV Infection

Open Access

Lipid changes in patients receiving nevirapine (NVP) in combination with tenofovir/emtricitabine: results from the CCIAT trial

  • C Davis1,
  • R Talwani1,
  • B Gilliam1,
  • A Amoroso1,
  • C Boyce2,
  • P Piliero3,
  • C Conner3 and
  • R Redfield1
Journal of the International AIDS Society200811(Suppl 1):P121

DOI: 10.1186/1758-2652-11-S1-P121

Published: 10 November 2008

Background

Highly effective antiretroviral (ARV) therapy has resulted in improved patient (pt) longevity, but many ARV regimens are associated with increases in blood lipid markers, raising concern with the potential for premature atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. Prior studies with NVP in ARV-naïve pts noted an increase in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TGs), although less significant than the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) increase. The contribution of the NRTI backbone to this effect was unclear.

Methods

To address this, 39 pts were randomly chosen to participate in a lipid substudy of the Cell Cycle Independent ARV Therapy (CCIAT) trial; pts (N = 54: 67% men, 95% African-American) received NVP 200 mg twice daily in combination with once-daily tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) 300/200 mg in this trial which was designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of this regimen.

Summary of results

At baseline, mean total cholesterol (TC), HDL-C, LDL-C, and TG were 168 mg/dL, 41 mg/dL, 94 mg/dL, and 165 mg/dL, respectively. Pts included in this analysis had statistically significant increases from baseline in mean HDL-C levels (+19.6 mg/dL, n = 27; p < 0.0001) and statistically significant decreases in mean triglyceride levels from baseline (-46.7, n = 27; p < 0.05) (See table in Figure 1). The increases in mean HDL-C were statistically significant regardless of baseline level (20–30 mg/dL, p = 0.01; 31–40 mg/dL, p = 0.0007; >40 mg/dL, p = 0.004). For example, 10 pts with HDL-C >40 mg/dL who reached week 96 experienced a mean increase from 48 to 75 mg/dL. From baseline to week 96, mean TG levels decreased by 84.4 mg/dL (n = 27; p = 0.0001). There were no clinically meaningful changes in the LDL-C and TC levels observed in this study.

Figure 1

Conclusion

The combination of NVP plus TDF/FTC resulted in apparent positive effects on serum lipids, with an increase in HDL-C, decrease in TGs and little change in LDL-C and TC. This regimen might improve the cardiovascular risk profile of pts taking ARV therapy.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Institute of Human Virology/University of Maryland School of Medicine
(2)
Institute of Human Virology
(3)
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals Inc

Copyright

© Davis et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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