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Table 2 Maternal Factors Associated With NVP Intake in Infants: Results of Univariate and Multivariate Analyses*

From: Outcome of Different Nevirapine Administration Strategies in Preventin g Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programs in Tanzania and Uganda

  Tanzania Uganda Multivariate Analysis
Variable n %NVP intake OR 95% CI P n %NVP intake OR 95% CI P AOR 95% CI P
Age              
≤ 25 years 180 22.8 1.00    125 25.6 1.00    1.00   
> 25 years 157 34.4 1.78 1.10-2.87 .02 157 36.9 1.70 1.02-2.85 .04 1.68 1.17-2.42 .005
Education              
Primary 257 26.5 1.00    159 27.0 1.00    1.00   
None 30 40.0 1.85 0.85-4.02 .12 55 30.9 1.21 0.62-2.36 .58 1.28 0.74-2.20 .38
Secondary 32 31.3 1.26 0.57-2.78 .57 68 44.1 2.13 1.12-3.85 .01 1.83 1.12-3.00 .02
Occupation              
Farmer 111 27.0 1.00    57 29.8 1.00      
Housewife 169 29.0 1.10 0.65-1.88 .72 175 30.3 1.02 0.53-2.00 .95    
Business woman 47 29.8 1.15 0.54-2.43 .72 28 42.9 1.77 0.70-4.51 .23    
Other 10 20.0 0.68 1.14-3.36 .63 22 36.4 1.35 0.48-3.80 .58    
Marital status              
Single 11 9.1 1.00    43 34.9 1.00      
Married 326 28.8 4.05 0.51-32.1 .15 239 31.4 0.85 0.43-1.70 .65    
Religion              
Catholic 91 34.1 1.00    145 37.2 1.00    1.60 1.05-2.43 .03
Protestant 121 27.3 0.90 0.54-1.49 .67 90 25.6 0.58 0.32-1.03 .06 1.00   
Muslim 25 28.0 0.88 0.37-2.10 .78 12 16.7 0.38 0.71-1.60 .15 0.82 0.35-1.90 .64
Other 100 24.0 0.78 0.46-1.33 .36 35 31.4 0.77 0.35-1.70 .52 0.85 0.49-1.47 .56
Number of deliveries              
Multipara 312 27.6 1.00    248 31.5 1.00      
Primipara 25 36.0 1.48 0.63-3.47 .37 34 35.3 1.19 0.56-2.52 .65    
PMTCT counseling              
Health center 216 24.1 1.00    44 18.2 1.00    1.00   
Hospital 121 35.5 1.74 1.07-2.83 .03 238 34.5 2.37 1.05-5.33 .03 1.86 1.20-2.89 .005
  1. *Multivariate analysis adjusted for the countries (Tanzania and Uganda)
  2. OR = odds ratio; AOR = adjusted odds ratio; CI = confidence interval