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Table 3 Generalized estimating-equation model of baseline factors associated with virological suppression until 24 months of ARTa

From: Increased vulnerability of rural children on antiretroviral therapy attending public health facilities in South Africa: a retrospective cohort study

Patient factor Univariate odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) (n = 1272)
Male gender 0.96 (0.78-1.19) 0.96 (0.77-1.19)
Age   
   >2 years 1 1
   1-2 years 0.48 (0.35-0.66) 0.53 (0.37-0.77)
   <1 year 0.28 (0.18-0.43) 0.35 (0.21-0.56)
Severe clinical status   
   No 1 1
   Yes 0.59 (0.46-0.76) 0.65 (0.50-0.85)
   Not available 0.60 (0.39-0.92) 0.56 (0.35-0.91)
Immunodeficiency   
   Not severe 1 1
   Severe 0.73 (0.56-0.96) 0.80 (0.60-1.01)
   Not available 0.76 (0.54-1.07) 0.96 (0.65-1.41)
Urban/rural classification   
   Urban 1 1
   Rural 0.95 (0.62-1.46) 0.87 (0.55-1.35)
   Rural/urban 0.71 (0.52-0.98) 0.67 (0.48-0.93)
  1. aAdjusted odds ratios are adjusted for all variables displayed, as well year of starting ART, initial regimen and duration of time on ART of 6-24 months