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  1. Research

    Current status of medication adherence and infant follow up in the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission programme in Addis Ababa: a cohort study

    Prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmes have great potential to achieve virtual elimination of perinatal HIV transmission provided that PMTCT recommendations are properly followed. Th...

    Alemnesh H Mirkuzie, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Mitike Molla Sisay, Karen Marie Moland and Odd Mørkve

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:50

    Published on: 21 October 2011

  2. Review

    Male circumcision for HIV prevention: current evidence and implementation in sub-Saharan Africa

    Heterosexual exposure accounts for most HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, and this mode, as a proportion of new infections, is escalating globally. The scientific evidence accumulated over more than 20 y...

    Richard G Wamai, Brian J Morris, Stefan A Bailis, David Sokal, Jeffrey D Klausner, Ross Appleton, Nelson Sewankambo, David A Cooper, John Bongaarts, Guy de Bruyn, Alex D Wodak and Joya Banerjee

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:49

    Published on: 20 October 2011

  3. Research

    Universal screening of Tanzanian HIV-infected adult inpatients with the serum cryptococcal antigen to improve diagnosis and reduce mortality: an operational study

    Cryptococcal meningitis is a leading cause of death among HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. Recent developments include the availability of intravenous fluconazole, cryptococcal antigen assays an...

    Bahati MK Wajanga, Samuel Kalluvya, Jennifer A Downs, Warren D Johnson, Daniel W Fitzgerald and Robert N Peck

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:48

    Published on: 11 October 2011

  4. Research

    Trends in the clinical characteristics of HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania between 2002 and 2009

    East Africa has experienced a rapid expansion in access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected patients. Regionally representative socio-demographic, laboratory and clinical characteristics of patien...

    Elvin H Geng, Peter W Hunt, Lameck O Diero, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Geofrey R Somi, Pius Okong, David R Bangsberg, Mwebesa B Bwana, Craig R Cohen, Juliana A Otieno, Deo Wabwire, Batya Elul, Denis Nash, Philippa J Easterbrook, Paula Braitstein, Beverly S Musick…

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:46

    Published on: 28 September 2011

  5. Introduction

    Bridging the social and the biomedical: engaging the social and political sciences in HIV research

    This supplement to the Journal of the International AIDS Society focuses on the engagement of the social and political sciences within HIV research and, in particular, maintaining a productive relationship betwee...

    Susan C Kippax, Martin Holt and Samuel R Friedman

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S1

    Published on: 27 September 2011

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  6. Research

    Critically engaging: integrating the social and the biomedical in international microbicides research

    Randomized controlled trials and critical social theory are known not to be happy bedfellows. Such trials are embedded in a positivist view of the world, seeking definitive answers to testable questions; criti...

    Catherine M Montgomery and Robert Pool

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S4

    Published on: 27 September 2011

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  7. Research

    From population to HIV: the organizational and structural determinants of HIV outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa

    There exists no consistent explanation for why some countries are successful in combating HIV/AIDS and others are not, and we need such an explanation in order to design effective policies and programmes. Rese...

    Rachel Sullivan Robinson

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S6

    Published on: 27 September 2011

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  8. Research

    Conceptual and methodological challenges to measuring political commitment to respond to HIV

    Researchers have long recognized the importance of a central government’s political “commitment” in order to mount an effective response to HIV. The concept of political commitment remains ill-defined, however...

    Ashley M Fox, Allison B Goldberg, Radhika J Gore and Till Bärnighausen

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S5

    Published on: 27 September 2011

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  9. Research

    How funding structures for HIV/AIDS research shape outputs and utilization: a Swiss case study

    Research policy in the field of HIV has changed substantially in recent decades in Switzerland. Until 2004, social science research on HIV/AIDS was funded by specialized funding agencies. After 2004, funding o...

    Kathrin Frey and Daniel Kübler

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 2):S7

    Published on: 27 September 2011

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 2

  10. Research

    The Brazilian Network for HIV-1 Genotyping External Quality Control Assurance Programme

    The Brazilian network for genotyping is composed of 21 laboratories that perform and analyze genotyping tests for all HIV-infected patients within the public system, performing approximately 25,000 tests per y...

    Denise CF Souza, Maria Cecilia A Sucupira, Rodrigo M Brindeiro, José Carlos C Fernandez, Ester C Sabino, Lilian A Inocencio and Ricardo S Diaz

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:45

    Published on: 21 September 2011

  11. Research

    HIV and concurrent sexual partnerships: modelling the role of coital dilution

    The concurrency hypothesis asserts that high prevalence of overlapping sexual partnerships explains extraordinarily high HIV levels in sub-Saharan Africa. Earlier simulation models show that the network effect...

    Larry Sawers, Alan G Isaac and Eileen Stillwaggon

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:44

    Published on: 13 September 2011

  12. Research

    Male partner antenatal attendance and HIV testing in eastern Uganda: a randomized facility-based intervention trial

    The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of a written invitation letter to the spouses of new antenatal clinic attendees on attendance by couples and on male partner acceptance of HIV testing at s...

    Robert Byamugisha, Anne N Åstrøm, Grace Ndeezi, Charles AS Karamagi, Thorkild Tylleskär and James K Tumwine

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:43

    Published on: 13 September 2011

  13. Research

    CMV retinitis screening and treatment in a resource-poor setting: three-year experience from a primary care HIV/AIDS programme in Myanmar

    Cytomegalovirus retinitis is a neglected disease in resource-poor settings, in part because of the perceived complexity of care and because ophthalmologists are rarely accessible. In this paper, we describe a ...

    NiNi Tun, Nikolas London, Moe Kyaw Kyaw, Frank Smithuis, Nathan Ford, Todd Margolis, W Lawrence Drew, Susan Lewallen and David Heiden

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:41

    Published on: 15 August 2011

  14. Research

    Birth outcomes in South African women receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy: a retrospective observational study

    Use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a triple-drug combination, in HIV-infected pregnant women markedly reduces mother to child transmission of HIV and decreases maternal morbidity. However, th...

    Karin van der Merwe, Risa Hoffman, Vivian Black, Matthew Chersich, Ashraf Coovadia and Helen Rees

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:42

    Published on: 15 August 2011

  15. Research

    Acute retroviral syndrome and high baseline viral load are predictors of rapid HIV progression among untreated Argentinean seroconverters

    Diagnosis of primary HIV infection (PHI) has important clinical and public health implications. HAART initiation at this stage remains controversial.

    M Eugenia Socías, Omar Sued, Natalia Laufer, María E Lázaro, Horacio Mingrone, Daniel Pryluka, Carlos Remondegui, María I Figueroa, Carina Cesar, Ana Gun, Gabriela Turk, María B Bouzas, Ravi Kavasery, Alejandro Krolewiecki, Héctor Pérez, Horacio Salomón…

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:40

    Published on: 10 August 2011

  16. Research

    Towards targeted screening for acute HIV infections in British Columbia

    Our objective was to describe the characteristics of acute and established HIV infections diagnosed in the Canadian province of British Columbia. Province-wide HIV testing and surveillance data were analyzed t...

    Malcolm Steinberg, Darrel A Cook, Mark Gilbert, Mel Krajden, Devon Haag, Peggy Tsang, Elsie Wong, James I Brooks, Harriet Merks and Michael L Rekart

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:39

    Published on: 9 August 2011

  17. Research

    Alternative antiretroviral monitoring strategies for HIV-infected patients in east Africa: opportunities to save more lives?

    Updated World Health Organization guidelines have amplified debate about how resource constraints should impact monitoring strategies for HIV-infected persons on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). We e...

    R Scott Braithwaite, Kimberly A Nucifora, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Beverly Musick, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Lameck Diero, Melanie C Bacon and Kara Wools-Kaloustian

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:38

    Published on: 30 July 2011

  18. Research

    Metabolic and anthropometric parameters contribute to ART-mediated CD4+ T cell recovery in HIV-1-infected individuals: an observational study

    The degree of immune reconstitution achieved in response to suppressive ART is associated with baseline individual characteristics, such as pre-treatment CD4 count, levels of viral replication, cellular activa...

    Livio Azzoni, Andrea S Foulkes, Cynthia Firnhaber, Xiangfan Yin, Nigel J Crowther, Deborah Glencross, Denise Lawrie, Wendy Stevens, Emmanouil Papasavvas, Ian Sanne and Luis J Montaner

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14:37

    Published on: 29 July 2011

  19. Editorial

    Facing up to programmatic challenges created by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa

    Three decades after the emergence of HIV, we have made great strides in our response to the epidemic, from prevention of transmission to testing and treatment. However, it is still common in high-prevalence se...

    Shirin Heidari, Anthony D Harries and Rony Zachariah

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S1

    Published on: 6 July 2011

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  20. Research

    Adult mortality in the cities of Bulawayo and Harare, Zimbabwe: 1979-2008

    Zimbabwe has been severely affected by the HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis epidemics, with an estimated 80% of tuberculosis patients being HIV infected. We set out to use annual population-mortality records from the...

    Riitta A Dlodlo, Paula I Fujiwara, Zanele E Hwalima, Stanley Mungofa and Anthony D Harries

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S2

    Published on: 6 July 2011

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  21. Review

    Antiretroviral drug supply challenges in the era of scaling up ART in Malawi

    The number of people receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) has increased considerably in recent years and is expected to continue to grow in the coming years. A major challenge is to maintain uninterrupted ...

    Erik J Schouten, Andreas Jahn, Anne Ben-Smith, Simon D Makombe, Anthony D Harries, Francis Aboagye-Nyame and Frank Chimbwandira

    Journal of the International AIDS Society 2011 14(Suppl 1):S4

    Published on: 6 July 2011

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

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